The Annual Plan for the year 2012-13 for Bihar was finalized here today at a meeting between Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Mr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia and Chief Minister of Bihar, Sh. Nitish Kumar. The plan size has been agreed at Rs. 28,000 crore.
The State Government was complemented for achievements in Education and health sectors. It was pointed that literacy level of the state has improved to 63.82% in 2011 from 47.53% a decade ago, but is still lower than the 74.04% literacy rate achieved at all India level. However female literacy rate is a cause of concern as the male literacy in Bihar is 73.39% and female literacy is 53.33% compared to the literacy of 82.14% for males and 65.46% for females in 2011 at all India level.
The Gross Domestic Product of the State during 2004-05 to 2011-12 has increased from Rs. 77,781 crore in 2004-05 to Rs. 1,63,439 crore in 2011-12 at the constant (2004-2005) prices. The per capita Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) at constant (2004-2005) prices increased from Rs. 7,914 in 2004-2005 to Rs. 15266 in 2011-12. According to Tendulkar methodology the poverty level in Bihar is much higher than the national average in both rural and urban areas by all estimates.
Sh. Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar briefed the Commission on the achievements of the State and future strategy. He said the State would be targeting a growth rate of 13 per cent in the next plan which would include 7 per cent growth in agriculture for which a road map has been drawn. Drip and sprinkle irrigation would be encouraged to improve productivity. Infrastructure development especially in road, electricity and irrigation would get top priority.
He said the major chunk of the total proposed outlay has been earmarked for Social Service Sector consisting of Education, Health, Water supply and Sanitation, Housing, Urban Development and Other Services taken together. Around 37.78 per cent of the total proposed outlay for Annual Plan (2012-13) and 35.23 per cent of the total proposed outlay for 12th Plan has been earmarked for Social Service Sector. The next highest outlay has been proposed for the Transport Sector which accounts for 18.34% of the 12th Five Year Plan and 18.92% of the total proposed outlay for Annual Plan 2012-13.